Question of the Month

November 2017

Question
Does your area ban or put a cap on the number of hours/days of vacation that can be carried forward into a new year?
Answer from Alabama

No in Alabama.

For more information please contact David Middlebrooks at dmiddlebrooks@lehrmiddlebrooks.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from California

In California, there is no legal requirement that employers provide employees with vacation time. If an employer does adopt a vacation policy, so-called “use it or lose it” vacation policies are unlawful. However, an employer may impose a reasonable cap on vacation accrual and carryover. A cap of a minimum of 1.5 times the annual accrual is considered reasonable.

For more information please contact Michael Foster at mfoster@fosteremploymentlaw.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Hawaii

No in Hawaii.

For more information please contact Sarah Wang at SWang@marrjones.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Kentucky

No in Kentucky.

For more information please contact Jacob Crouse at jwc@smithandsmithattorneys.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Maryland

No in Maryland.

For more information please contact Fiona Ong at fwo@shawe.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Massachusetts

Use-it-or-lose it policies are legal in Massachusetts as long as the employer provides adequate prior notice of the policy and insures that employees have a reasonable opportunity to use the accumulated vacation time within the time limits established by the employer.

For more information please contact Marylou Fabbo at mfabbo@skoler-abbott.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Michigan

Michigan does not cap the number of hours/days of vacation that can be carried forward.  Michigan enforces fringe benefit plans “as written” in policies and contracts.

For more information please contact David Masud at dmasud@masudlaborlaw.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Minnesota

No.  The State of Minnesota does not put a cap on the number of hours/days of vacation that can be carried forward into the new year.  With a properly drafted policy, employers can draft such or “cap” or a “use it or lose it” policy where employees forfeit any accrued but unused vacation.

For more information please contact Tom Revnew at TRevnew@seatonlaw.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Missouri

No in Missouri.

For more information please contact Stephen Maule at maule@mcmahonberger.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Nevada

No in Nevada.

For more information please contact Scott Abbott at sabbott@kzalaw.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from New York

No. The employer must abide by whatever policy it sets.

For more information please contact Amanda Baker at abaker@cfk-law.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from North Carolina

No, employers are free to develop their own vacation policies as they see fit.  The only restriction is set forth in the NC Wage and Hour Act, which requires payment of accrued but unused vacation days unless there is a written forfeiture provision in the employer’s vacation policy.

For more information please contact Bryan Adams at bryan.adams@vradlaw.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Oregon

No in Oregon.

For more information please contact Kent Pearson at kpearson@bullardlaw.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Pennsylvania

No. In Pennsylvania, vacation carryover is dictated by an employer’s written policy.  If an employer’s policy provides for carrying forward a certain amount of vacation time, that policy will dictate the employee’s rights.

For more information please contact John Ellis at jellis@ufberglaw.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Texas

No in Texas.

For more information please contact John Freeman at jfreeman@keyharrington.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Virginia

No.  Virginia law does not require or prohibit any particular carryover of vacation or leave time.  Under Virginia law, employers may draft their policies to provide for whatever carryover they choose (or none).

For more information please contact Michael Lorenger at MLorenger@lorengercarnell.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Washington

There is no ban or cap in Washington.

For more information please contact Ken Diamond at ken@winterbauerdiamond.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

Answer from Wisconsin

No. Wisconsin law requires private employers to provide employees with vacation time or limits the number of days/hours of vacation that can be carried over.  It is left to individual employers to determine their vacation policy. 

For more information please contact Laurie Petersen at LPetersen@lindner-marsack.com

*Disclaimer: All answers to the Question of the Month are current the day on which they are posted. After this date, the information may subsequently change as a result of laws or rulings. For the most current information, please contact the responding lawyer for each state in which you are interested.

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